Complete Endangered & Threatened Species of Texas List


A recent article in the Texan stated that Texas will be adding 45 additional species to its Threatened Species List. Yes, 45.  As an artist who has been documenting Endangered, Threatened & Species of Greatest Conservation Need in Texas, I am compelled to better understand the growing list. After reaching out to Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD) to clarify some information I learned that in Texas, there will soon be a total of:

  • 74 Endangered Species (up from 68)
  • 148 Threatened Species (up from 116)
  • 1300+ Species of Greatest Conservation Need 

A TPWD representative graciously explained that the list is not final as of yet; “TPWD is in the process of drafting the adoption preamble and response to comments as required by the APA. We expect to send the rule to the Texas Register in the next several weeks. As provided in Government Code section 2001.036, the new list as shown here will be effective 20 days after TPWD files it with the Texas Register.”

With input from TPWD, I have compiled the following lists of Endangered & Threatened Species of Texas. In addition, I have added iNaturalist links to as many of the species as that have been recorded thus far, (iNaturalist is an "online social network of people sharing biodiversity information to help each other learn about nature. It's also a crowdsourced species identification system and an organism occurrence recording tool").

For more information on my paintings that document Texas's Endangered, Threatened and Species of Greatest Conservation Need, follow me on Instagram or Facebook.

74 ENDANGERED SPECIES TEXAS (*indicates new additions to be added after filing with the Texas Register):
 

#Common NameScientific NameGroup

1Houston ToadAnaxyrus houstonensisAmphibian
2Texas Blind SalamanderEurycea rathbuniAmphibian
3Barton Springs SalamanderEurycea sosorumAmphibian
4Austin Blind SalamanderEurycea waterlooensisAmphibian
5Texas Hornshell*Poenaias popeiiAquatic Invertebrate
6Comal Springs Dryopid Beetle Stygoparnus comalensis Aquatic Invertebrate
7Comal Springs Riffle BeetleHeterelmis comalensis Aquatic Invertebrate
8Diamond Y Spring SnailPseudotryonia adamantinaAquatic Invertebrate
9Diminuitie AmphipodGammarus hyalleloidesAquatic Invertebrate
10Gonzales SpringsnailTryonia circumstriataAquatic Invertebrate
11Peck's Cave AmphipodStygobromus pecki Aquatic Invertebrate
12Pecos AmphipodGammarus pecosAquatic Invertebrate
13Pecos AssimineaAssiminea pecos Aquatic Invertebrate
14Phantom Cave SnailPyrgulopsis texanaAquatic Invertebrate
15Phantom Spring SnailTryonia cheatumiAquatic Invertebrate
16Golden-cheeked WarblerDendroica chrysoparia Bird
17Southwestern Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax traillii extimusBird
18Northern Aplomado FalconFalco femoralis septentrionalis Bird
19Whooping CraneGrus americana Bird
20Eskimo CurlewNumenius borealis Bird
21Red-cockaded WoodpeckerPicoides borealis Bird
22Interior Least TernSterna antillarum athalassos Bird
23Attwater's Greater Prairie ChickenTympanuchus cupido attwateri Bird
24Big Bend GambusiaGambusia gaigei Fish
25Clear Creek GambusiaGambusia heterochir Fish
26Comanche Springs PupfishCyprinodon elegans Fish
27Fountain DarterEtheostoma fonticola Fish
28Leon Springs PupfishCyprinodon bovinusFish
29Pecos GambusiaGambusia nobilis Fish
30Rio Grande Silvery MinnowHybognathus amarus Fish
31San Marcos GambusiaGambusia georgei Fish
32Smalltooth SawfishPristis pectinata Fish
33Mexican Blindcat*Prietella phreatophilaFish
34Sharpnose Shiner*Notropis oxyrhynchusFish
35Smalleye Shiner*Notropis bucculaFish
36JaguarPanthera oncaMammal
37JaguarundiHerpailurus yaguarondiMammal
38Mexican Long-nosed BatLeptonycteris nivalisMammal
39OcelotLeopardus pardalisMammal
40Red WolfCanis rufusMammal
41Finback WhaleBalaenoptera physalusMammal
42Gray WolfCanis lupusMammal
43Blue Whale*Baleanoptera nusculusMammal
44Gulf of Mexico Bryde's Whale *Baleanoptera edeniMammal
45N Atlantic Right Whale*Eubalaena glacialisMammal
46Sei Whale*Balaenoptera borealisMammal
47Sperm Whale*Physeter macrocephalusMammal
48Guadalupe Fescue*Festuca ligulataPlant
49Ashy DogweedThymophylla tephroleucaPlant
50Black Lace CactusEchinocereus reichenbachii var. albertiiPlant
51Davis' Green PitayaEchinocereus davisiiPlant
52Large-fruited Sand-verbenaAbronia macrocarpa Plant
53Little Aguja PondweedPotamogeton clystocarpusPlant
54Navasota Ladies'-tressesSpiranthes parksii Plant
55Nellie's Cory CactusEscobaria minimaPlant
56Slender RushpeaHoffmannseggia tenellaPlant
57Sneed's Pincushion CactusEscobaria sneedii var. sneediiPlant
58South Texas AmbrosiaAmbrosia cheiranthifoliaPlant
59Star CactusAstrophytum asteriasPlant
60Terlingua Creek Cat's-eyeCryptantha crassipesPlant
61Texas AyeniaAyenia limitarisPlant
62Texas Golden GladecressLeavenworthia texanaPlant
63Texas Poppy-mallowCallirhoe scabriuscula Plant
64Texas Prairie DawnHymenoxys texanaPlant
65Texas SnowbellsStyrax platanifolius spp. texanus Plant
66Texas Trailing PhloxPhlox nivalis ssp. texensis Plant
67Texas Wild RiceZizania texanaPlant
68Tobusch Fishhook CactusSclerocactus brevihamatus ssp. tobuschiiPlant
69Walker's ManiocManihot walkeraePlant
70White BladderpodPhysaria pallida Plant
71Zapata BladderpodPhysaria thamnophilaPlant
72Hawksbill Sea TurtleEretmochelys imbricataReptile
73Kemp's Ridley Sea TurtleLepidochelys kempiiReptile
74Leatherback Sea TurtleDermochelys coriaceaReptile

148 THREATENED SPECIES TEXAS (*indicates new additions to be added after filing with the Texas Register):

#Common NameScientific NameGroup
1Salado Springs Salamander*Eurycea chisholmensisAmphibian
2Georgetown Salamander*Eurycea naufragiaAmphibian
3Texas Salamander*Eurycea neotenesAmphibian
4Jollyville Plateau Salamander*Eurycea tonkawaeAmphibian
5Black-spotted NewtNotophthalmus meridionalisAmphibian
6Blanco Blind SalamanderEurycea robustaAmphibian
7Cascade Caverns SalamanderEurycea latitansAmphibian
8Comal Blind SalamanderEurycea tridentiferaAmphibian
9Mexican Burrowing ToadRhinophrynus dorsalisAmphibian
10Mexican TreefrogSmilisca baudiniiAmphibian
11San Marcos SalamanderEurycea nanaAmphibian
12Sheep FrogHypopachus variolosusAmphibian
13South Texas Siren (large form)Siren sp. 1Amphibian
14White-lipped FrogLeptodactylus fragilisAmphibian
15Louisiana PigtoePleurobema riddelliiAquatic Invertebrate
16Mexican FawnsfootTruncilla cognataAquatic Invertebrate
17Salina MucketPotamilus metnecktayiAquatic Invertebrate
18Sandbank PocketbookLampsilis saturaAquatic Invertebrate
19Southern HickorynutObovaria jacksonianaAquatic Invertebrate
20Texas FatmucketLampsilis bracteataAquatic Invertebrate
21Texas FawnsfootTruncilla macrodonAquatic Invertebrate
22Texas HeelsplitterPotamilus amphichaenusAquatic Invertebrate
23Texas PigtoeFusconaia askewiAquatic Invertebrate
24Texas PimplebackQuadrula petrinaAquatic Invertebrate
25False SpikeQuadrula mitchelliAquatic Invertebrate
26Brazos Heelsplitter*Potamilus streckersoniAquatic Invertebrate
27Carolinae Tryonia*Tryonia oasiensisAquatic Invertebrate
28Caroline's Springs Pyrg*Pyrgulopsis ignotaAquatic Invertebrate
29Clear Creek Amphipod*Hyalella texanaAquatic Invertebrate
30Crowned Cave Snail*Phreatodrobia coronaeAquatic Invertebrate
31Guadalupe Fatmucket*Lampsilis bergmanniAquatic Invertebrate
32Guadalupe Orb*Cyclonaias neckiAquatic Invertebrate
33Limpia Creek Springsnail*Pyrgulopsis davisiAquatic Invertebrate
34Metcalf's TryoniaTryonia metcalfiAquatic Invertebrate
35Presidio County Springsnail*Pyrgulopsis metcalfiAquatic Invertebrate
36Texas Troglobitic Water Slater*Lirceolus smithiiAquatic Invertebrate
37Trinity Pigtoe*Fusconaia chuniiAquatic Invertebrate
38Red-Crowned Parrot*Amazona viridigenalisBird
39Rufa Red Knot*Calidris canutus rufaBird
40Black Rail*Laterallus jamaicensisBird
41Arizona Botteri's SparrowPeucaea botterii arizonaeBird
42Bachman's SparrowAimophila aestivalis Bird
43Cactus Ferruginous Pygmy-owlGlaucidium brasilianum cactorum Bird
44Common Black HawkButeogallus anthracinusBird
45Gray HawkButeo plagiatusBird
46Mexican Spotted OwlStrix occidentalis lucidaBird
47Northern Beardless-tyrannuletCamptostoma imberbe Bird
48Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus anatumBird
49Piping PloverCharadrius melodus Bird
50Reddish EgretEgretta rufescens Bird
51Rose-throated Becard Pachyramphus aglaiae Bird
52Sooty TernSterna fuscata Bird
53Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusBird
54Texas Botteri's SparrowAimophila botterii texanaBird
55Tropical ParulaParula pitiayumiBird
56White-faced IbisPlegadis chihi Bird
57White-tailed HawkButeo albicaudatus Bird
58Wood StorkMycteria americana Bird
59Zone-tailed HawkButeo albonotatus Bird
60Arkansas River ShinerNotropis girardi Fish
61Blackside DarterPercina maculataFish
62Blotched GambusiaGambusia senilis Fish
63Blue SuckerCycleptus elongatus Fish
64Bluehead ShinerPteronotropis hubbsi Fish
65Bluntnose ShinerNotropis simus Fish
66Chihuahua ShinerNotropis chihuahua Fish
67Conchos PupfishCyprinodon eximiusFish
68Creek ChubsuckerErimyzon oblongusFish
69Devils River MinnowDionda diaboli Fish
70Mexican GobyCtenogobius claytonii Fish
71Mexican StonerollerCampostoma ornatum Fish
72PaddlefishPolyodon spathula Fish
73Pecos PupfishCyprinodon pecosensis Fish
74Proserpine ShinerCyprinella proserpina Fish
75Rio Grande ChubGila pandora Fish
76Rio Grande DarterEtheostoma grahami Fish
77River GobyAwaous banana Fish
78San Felipe GambusiaGambusia clarkhubbsi Fish
79Shovelnose SturgeonScaphirhynchus platorynchus Fish
80Toothless BlindcatTrogloglanis pattersoni Fish
81Widemouth BlindcatSatan eurystomus Fish
82Peppered Chub*Macrhybopsis tetranemaFish
83Chub Shiner*Notropis potteriFish
84Guadalupe Darter*Percina apristisFish
85Headwater Catfish*Ictalurus lupusFish
86Medina Roundnose Minnow*Dionda nigrotaeniataFish
87Nueces Roundnose Minnow*Dionda serenaFish
88Plateau Shiner*Cyprinella lepidaFish
89Prairie Chub*Macrhybopsis australisFish
90Red River Pupfish*Cyprinodon rubrofluviatilisFish
91Rio Grande Shiner*Notropis jemezanusFish
92Roundnose Minnow*Dionda episcopaFish
93Speckled Chub*Macrhybopsis aestivalisFish
94Tamaulipas Shiner*Notropis braytoniFish
95Great Hammerhead*Sphyrna mokarranFish
96Oceanic Whitetip*Carcharhinus longimanusFish
97Shortfin Mako*Isurus oxyrinchusFish
98Atlantic Spotted DolphinStenella frontalisMammal
99Black BearUrsus americanusMammal
100Coues' Rice RatOryzomys couesiMammal
101Dwarf Sperm WhaleKogia simusMammal
102False Killer WhalePseudorca crassidensMammal
103Gervais' Beaked WhaleMesoplodon europaeusMammal
104Goose-beaked WhaleZiphius cavirostrisMammal
105Killer WhaleOrcinus orcaMammal
106Louisiana Black BearUrsus americanus luteolusMammal
107Palo Duro MousePeromyscus truei comancheMammal
108Pygmy Killer WhaleFeresa attenuataMammal
109Pygmy Sperm WhaleKogia brevicepsMammal
110Rafinesque's Big-eared BatCorynorhinus rafinesquiiMammal
111Rough-toothed DolphinSteno bredanensisMammal
112Short-finned Pilot WhaleGlobicephala macrorhynchusMammal
113Spotted BatEuderma maculatumMammal
114Texas Kangaroo RatDipodomys elatorMammal
115White-nosed CoatiNasua naricaMammal
116Tawny-bellied Cotton Rat*Sigmodon fulviventerMammal
117West Indian Manatee*Trichecus manatusMammal
118Bunched Cory CactusCoryphantha ramillosa ssp. ramillosaPlant
119Chisos Mountains Hedgehog CactusEchinocereus chisoensis var. chisoensis Plant
120Earth FruitGeocarpon minimumPlant
121Hinckley's OakQuercus hinckleyi Plant
122Lloyd's Mariposa CactusSclerocactus mariposensisPlant
123Neches River Rose-mallowHibiscus dasycalyxPlant
124Pecos SunflowerHelianthus paradoxusPlant
125Brush-pea*Genistidium dumosumPlant
126Dune umbrella-sedge*Cyperus onerosusPlant
127Gypsum Scalebroom*Lepidospartum burgessiiPlant
128Houston Daisy*Rayjacksonia aureaPlant
129Leoncita False Foxglove*Agalinis calycinaPlant
130Livermore Sweet-Cicely*Osmorhiza bipatriataPlant
131Rock Quillwort*Isoetes lithophilaPlant
132Small-headed Pipewort*Eriocaulon koernickianumPlant
133Alligator Snapping TurtleMacrochelys temminckiiReptile
134Black-striped SnakeConiophanes imperialisReptile
135Brazos Water SnakeNerodia harteriReptile
136Cagle's Map TurtleGraptemys cagleiReptile
137Chihuahuan Mud TurtleKinosternon hirtipes murrayiReptile
138Green Sea TurtleChelonia mydasReptile
139Loggerhead Sea TurtleCaretta carettaReptile
140Louisiana Pine SnakePituophis ruthveniReptile
141Mountain Short-horned LizardPhrynosoma hernandesiReptile
142Northern Cat-eyed SnakeLeptodeira septentrionalisReptile
143Northern Scarlet SnakeCemophora coccinea copeiReptile
144Speckled RacerDrymobius margaritiferusReptile
145Texas Horned LizardPhrynosoma cornutumReptile
146Texas Scarlet SnakeCemophora coccinea lineriReptile
147Texas TortoiseGopherus berlandieriReptile
148Trans-Pecos Black-headed SnakeTantilla cucullataReptile

Image:

Black Bear (Ursus americanus- Threatened), 2019

24 x 36 x .75

Acrylic on panel

$1,000

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